Crowdfunding allows for passionate people to raise funds for their new ideas - many of which have never been successfully realized before. This makes crowdfunding incredibly exciting, but it also creates unique risks that contributors should be aware of.
Contributing to a campaign and claiming a perk is not the same as buying something online. The nature of crowdfunding is such that campaigns on Indiegogo are raising funds for work-in-progress projects, ideas, or causes. Indiegogo does not require a working prototype or a proof of concept for a campaign to launch; instead we allow contributors to decide whether they think a campaigner can successfully complete their project.
Indiegogo offers a crowdfunding platform that empowers people to raise funds for the things that matter to them, and in turn allows backers to help fund ideas they'd like to be a part of helping bring to life. However, Indiegogo does not guarantee that the campaigner will be able to follow through on their idea, or that they will be able to fulfill any perks they offer.
It is important to keep this in mind when supporting a campaign and to have appropriate expectations.